, HomeMedical mcqsmedical baiwa tambayoyin motsa jiki na annoba

Tambayoyin motsa jiki na ilimin ilimin kimiyya

1. Wani tsoho mai shekaru 34 da ketoacidosis mai ciwon sukari yana nazarin ciwon kai, cin hanci, kumburin ciki, da zubar jini na hanci. Ya gaji kuma baya amsawa bayan mako guda. Jarabawar ENT sanannen duhu, raunin necrotic a septum na hanci. An yi hujin lumbar, duk da haka tasirin CSF cikakke ne na al’ada. Streptococcus pneumoniae da Staphylococcus aureus kowannensu an ƙaddara su da yawa tare da cikin ruwan hanci.

Zaɓi nazarin wannan yana iya yiwuwa ya zama daidai.

Ciwon hakora

B wani nau’in kumburi ne wanda ke faruwa a cikin diphtheria

C tare da nostril Orbital cellulitis

D wani nau’in cellulitis ne wanda ke shafar idanu. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis

E wani nau’in mucormycosis ne wanda ke shafar hanci da kwakwalwa. Sinusitis na maxillary sinuses yana da tsanani.

2. Wata ‘yar shekaru 22 tsohuwar masanin kimiyya da ke da tarihin haematuria a yanzu ta koma baya daga Tanzania. Schistosomal serology ya ƙaddara ya zama mai fa’ida a wani mataki a jarrabawa.

Zaɓi maganin da kuka zaɓa.

A. Ivermectin

B. Mebendazole

CAlbendazole

D. Suramin

E. Praziquantel

4. Wata tsohuwa mai shekaru 26 da haihuwa (haihuwa 17/arba’in) ta je likitan ta saboda gaskiyar cewa danta mai shekaru 2 yana da kumburin vesicular a tafin hannun sa da cikin bakin sa. Mahaifiyar ta damu da lafiyar ɗanta da ba a haifa ba. An tabbatar da likitan likitanci a cikin binciken cutar hannu, ƙafa, da baki, duk da haka ya kira ku don magana game da matakai na gaba.

Zaɓi matsakaicin shawarar da ta dace.

A. Kira CCDC da ke kusa da ku don duba ko akwai barkewar yau.

B. Tabbatar da mahaifiyar cewa yin ciki baya cikin haɗari.

C. Samin gwajin duban dan tayi na mace.

D. A aika da tsarin ruwan vesicle na yaro don duba EM E Aika jini don gwajin serological.

5. Mahaifiya ta kawo danta mai shekaru 6 da haihuwa ga likita, wanda ke da hannu saboda gaskiyar cewa yaron ya raunata kansa da allura da ya ƙaddara a wani wurin shakatawa da ake yawan shiga ta masu shan muggan ƙwayoyi kafin wannan ranar. Baya ga raguwa mai sauƙi a hannunsa na dama, ƙaramin yaron yana cikin ƙoshin lafiya kuma ba shi da bayanan kimiyya da suka gabata.

A wannan shawarar, matsakaicin matakin da ya dace ga Likita shine:

A. Bayar da cutar kanjamau ta gabatar da rigakafin talla ga yaro.

B. Tabbatar da mama kuma amince da karuwar hanyar allurar rigakafin Hepatitis B.

C Aika allura zuwa lab don gwaji.

D Yana ba da shawarar ƙara yawan allurar rigakafin Hepatitis B da rigakafin Hepatitis C.

E Gwada yaro don Hepatitis C, HIV, Hepatitis B bene antigen.

6. A annoba na masanin cututtukan dabbobi da masaniyar ƙwayoyin cuta an sanar da ku game da cutar gudawa da amai daban -daban ɗari da suka halarta a liyafar aure. Tsakanin da kwanaki 3 bayan liyafar, zagaye -uku na masu ziyartar rukunin yanar gizon ba su da lafiya. Kuna samun jerin baƙo ban da menu na abincin kukis.

Zaɓi mafi girman bincike na annoba.

A Nazarin mai sarrafa hali

B Nazarin haɗin gwiwa

C A nazarin giciye

D Gwajin gudanar da bazuwar

E Nazarin ƙungiyar baya

7. Ana iya ganin wani yaro mai shekaru 5 da haihuwa wanda ke da ciwon huhu na cystic fibrosis a cibiyar kiwon lafiya na numfashi na yara don a duba lafiyarsa. Yana da tari mai inganci wanda aka aika da tsarin zuwa dakin gwaje -gwaje.

Zaɓi matsakaicin matsakaicin al’ada don raba Haemophilus mura daga wannan mara lafiya.

A jini agar

B Chocolate agar

C MacConkey agar

D Methicillin mannitol gishiri agar

E EMB agar